How Often Does a Queen Bee Mate?

How Often Does a Queen Bee Mate? Explained

It’s interesting, isn’t it? To find a matriarchal society in the animal kingdom. You were probably surprised when you learned that only the queen bee lays eggs. 

So, how often does a queen bee mate?

During the first 1-2 weeks of early adulthood, a queen mates. She has the ability to do many mating excursions and mate with multiple drones.  A queen bee mates with 12-15 drones on average. This improves the colony’s genetic diversity. It is critical for hive growth and resistance to diseases.

After reading all of the above, has your interest peaked? I guess no. If so then read on for an in-depth analysis. 


How Often Does a Queen Bee Mate?

A commonly asked question is how often does a queen honey bee mate? Well, a Queen Bee will frequently mate with anywhere from 20 to 50 drones. However, she only does this for the first several weeks of her existence. 

She will never mate again after she feels she has mated with enough drones. She wouldn’t do so even though she lives for another 5 years.

The Queen Bee tends to mate with numerous drones to expand the genetic diversity of the colony. Increasing it is important for colony productivity and disease resistance.

A Queen Bee has the same wing and cognitive abilities as a honeybee. And does so despite the fact that it is very unique from a honeybee.

A newborn queen bee will not breed within her own hive since she has to fly to mate. A young queen bee sets out for mating between the 5th and 14th day after emerging from her queen cell. That too, after a series of introductory flights.


A queen bee can fly great distances throughout a mating flight. This depends on whether she will find drones through which to mate. The solution to our query is contingent on how quickly she locates drones to mate with.

Has the question crossed your mind, who mates with the queen bee?

A male drone will attach to the queen and inject his endophallus and ejaculate semen. After ejaculation, the drone breaks away from the queen. He remains linked to the newly fertilized queen. Regardless of the fact that his endophallus has been severed from his body. 

The next drone to mate with the queen will extract the former endophallus. Finally, lose its own following ejaculation. Drones may only mate seven to ten times throughout a mating flight. Then after mating, a drone dies fast. Because its abdomen tears apart when its endophallus is removed.

Even drones who withstand the mating journey are removed from their colonies. As mating is their sole purpose. The mating behavior is highly unusual in the animal kingdom. 

So, how many eggs can a queen bee lay in a day?

Queens can deposit up to 1,500 eggs per day during optimal productivity. They stop egg laying progressively in early October. This yields little or no eggs till the next spring. A solitary queen can lay up to 250,000 eggs every year. Possibly over a million throughout her lifetime.

Another commonly asked question is how many times does a queen bee mate in her lifetime? 

Queens can live for seven or more years. But their output normally begins to diminish after the first year or two. But the answer to this question does a queen bee only mate once is a no. A queen can mate more than once during her fertile period. 

It is one of the key reasons that professional beekeepers replace queens on a yearly basis. Some commercial beekeepers even substitute queen bees on a semi-annual basis. These beekeepers also tend to breed their own queen bees.

When introducing a new queen bee to a hive, beekeepers tend to use a number of methods. So that the hive doesn’t immediately attack and kill the queen. The new queen bees are kept in a cage while the worker bees get assimilated with the queen.

Breaking Down: Beehive Hierarchy

Honey bees are social insects, which implies that they dwell in enormous, well-organized clans. A bee colony hive normally comprises three types of bees: workers, drones, and a queen. Several thousand worker bees collaborate on nest building, food-collecting, and offspring raising.

Every participant has a certain assignment to accomplish that is proportional to their adult age. Surviving and breeding, on the other hand, necessitate the concerted actions of the entire colony. Solitary bees (workers, drones, and queens) never endure alone without the colony’s help.

Queen Bee

Only during and for a fluctuating period following swarming preparation, every colony only has a single queen. Her major purpose is procreation as she’s the only sexually evolved female. She lays fertile and unfertilized eggs. In spring and early summer, queens lay the most eggs.

For food, a queen is completely reliant on her entourage. Workers will literally put their queen on a diet at different periods of the year! Large colonies divide in two in the spring to propagate the breed. This is known as swarming.

But you can always provide additive foods to your bees. Here are some of the good quality food that we recommend- 

So, How frequently does the queen produces egg?

In a hive, the queen bee is usually the sole female bee with fully developed ovaries. They have the opportunity to lay up to 2000 eggs each day at a pace of 5-6 eggs per minute. This occurs during the hive’s build-up stage, which normally occurs in the spring.

Male Drones

A drone’s primary goal in life is to mate with the queen. In addition, for every male drone, there are 100 female worker bees. While it may be appealing to some men, the life of a drone is very far from ideal.

How do drones interact with the queen bee?

The drone bees swarm the queen when she takes off on her mating flight. The drones locate the queen with their wide eyes. The drones will start to collect in swarms. Then they fly upto 200 to 300 feet in the air. The queen would mate with a group of 10 to 20 drones. This diversity of mates promotes the genetic variation of potential offspring.

When nourishment for the hive gets scarce in the fall, some honey bee colonies will evict surviving drones. These drones are unable to feed themselves or hunt for food. Since they lack stingers, and as a result, perish shortly after mating.

The Female Workers

“A woman’s work never ends.” 

With the exception of reproduction, worker bees are all in charge of each and every job in the hive.

Female worker bees occupy several responsibilities inside the hive. Others are scouts, some are guardians, some look after the queen, some make honey, and so on. Bees are mostly raised for their honey. 

Despite the fact that their lives are difficult, their significance cannot be overstated. An entire frame of honey weighs a lot. This honey is then sold and consumed as food around the globe.


What Happens if There are Two Queens in a Hive?

When workers develop a new queen, they generate upwards of one. This increases their chances of producing a strong, viable queen. A hive, meanwhile, can have only, one queen bee. As a result, whenever the new queens hatch, they must eliminate their competition.

A freshly fledged queen will attack her unhatched rivals whilst they’re still in their nests. Thus, effectively killing them. When two queens hatch at the same time, they must fight to the death.


Here are the regularly searched queries regarding queen bees-

How often can a queen bee strike before dying?

Honey bees have been believed to have hooked stingers and would only sting once before dying. Though it is completely true for the majority of honey bees. The queen honey bee seems to have a silky stinger and can strike several times.

Do honeybees preserve their sperm?

Honeybees offer excellent instances of sperm preservation. Because bee queens store sperm in the spermatheca. Through studying its content and structure can aid in understanding the spermatheca’s role in protracted sperm storage.

What occurs if the queen bee perishes?

Finally, whenever a bee colony queen dies unexpectedly, an immediate and unanticipated supersedure arises. Worker honey bees choose several larvae of the appropriate age range and begin conditioning them to become queens.

Final Words

How often does a queen bee mate is a question beekeepers and researchers have been asking for some time. It’s quite natural to wonder about the question as they are the primary breeders for a hive. Without them a hive can’t be expected to survive for long.

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